Directorate of Research(Agri) > HRS, Kahikuchi > about Research Station

HRS, Kahikuchi


The Horticultural Research Station, Kahikuchi, a research station under Assam Agricultural University, is located at the western end of Guwahati city by the side of National Highway 37. The station is 20 km away from Guwahati railway station and 2 km from the Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Guwahati and spreads across an area of 32 ha. It lies on 20018' N latitude, 91078' E longitude and 64.0 m above MSL. The station falls in the Lower Brahmaputra Valley Agro-climatic Zone of Assam. It receives an average annual rainfall ranging from 1800-2000 mm. The maximum and minimum temperatures range from 19-35C and 8- 27C, respectively. The soil texture of the station is mainly alluvial clay loam, having a pH range of 4.8 – 5.5.


In 1957, the Department of Agriculture, Govt. of Assam, being the controlling authority, initiated research in horticulture with a scheme on pineapple at this centre. Thereafter, the station was renamed as Regional Fruit Research Station in 1960-61 and the research works continued. Subsequently, the station was handed over to Assam Agricultural University in 1973 when it acquired its present identity as Horticultural Research Station. Initially functioning with research thrust focused on the three mandated crops, viz., Banana, Coconut and Pineapple, the station, in keeping pace with shifts in research priorities and paradigms, had gradually embarked upon research activities in the different horticultural components of fruits, vegetables, flowers, spices, medicinal and aromatic plants as well as post harvest management. At present, the station is the only one of its kind in the entire north eastern region and has been playing a pioneering role in conducting basic and applied research in the field of horticulture for the entire state of Assam.


· Technology generation in horticulture

· Quality planting material production

· Capacity building of stakeholders

· Provisioning technical support to the state government and the line departments

· Transfer of technologies to the farming community


Manpower profile

Ø Scientific staff : 21 (Belonging to the disciplines of Horticulture, Soil Science, Agronomy,

Plant Pathology, Entomology, Plant Breeding & Genetics and

Agricultural Extension)

Ø Technical staff : 14 (Field Assistants/Research Associates/Project Associate/Asstt Project

Scientist/ Research Technician/Computer Operator)

Ø Ministerial staff : 04

Ø Support staff : 03

Ø Contractual & Muster Roll Workers: 44






Year of start

Funding Agency



All India Coordinated Research Project on Palms



Collection, conservation and evaluation of local coconut germplasm

Development of suitable coconut varieties

Development of suitable coconut based cropping system

Development of location-specific agro-techniques in coconut


All India Coordinated Research Project on Floriculture



Area expansion through location specific flower production

Green house flower production

Testing of new cut flowers for the region

Production of elite planting materials through micro propagation

Value addition for dry flower decoration

Commercial exploitation of wild foliages and flowering trees

Development of technologies for post harvest management of flowers


All India Coordinated Research Project on Agro-forestry



Identification and evaluation of promising agro-forestry systems

Standardization of technologies in relation to agro-forestry systems

Area expansion of promising agro-forestry system


All India Coordinated Research Project on Spices (Co-opted centre)



Collection, conservation & evaluation of ginger, turmeric, black pepper and King Chilli.

Generation of quality planting materials of ginger, turmeric, black pepper and King Chilli.


Precision Farming Development Centre


Ministry of Agriculture, GoI

Technology standardization for precision farming of horticultural crops with central focus on protected cultivation, plastic mulching, micro-irrigation and application of other precision tools.


Fruits & Vegetable Research Scheme


Govt. of Assam

Applied research on landraces and improved varieties of fruits and vegetables


Vegetable Research Scheme


Govt. of Assam

Evaluating the feasibility, location-specificity and productive potential of indigenous and improved/hybrid vegetables


Coconut Research Scheme


Govt. of Assam

Collection, conservation & evaluation of local & exotic germplasm of coconut

Development of varieties for tender nut, copra and consumption purpose


Strengthening of HRS


Govt. of Assam

Facilitation of research infrastructure




ARIAS, Govt. Of Assam (World Bank)

To add value and improve resilience of selected agriculture value chains, focusing on smallholder farmers and agro-entrepreneurs in targeted districts of Assam 


Design and Development of Digital Image database with an Android App and Web System for the Detection of Major Pests and Diseases of Coconut in Assam


Coconut Development Board

To development app for digital solution of biotic stress in coconut