District Profile of Lakhimpur District,Assam
Origin:- The name Lakhimpur is believed to be originated from the word “Lakshmi”, the goddess of prosperity. The district is mainly dependent upon agriculture and paddy. Paddy is regarded locally as “Lakhimi”. The word “pur” means “full”. Lakhimpur therefore means full of paddy or the place where paddies are grown abundantly. Besides, the soil of the district is alluvial and fertile for which crops flourish without use of any artificial manure or hard labour. Over and above fish, meat, vegetables, milk were abundant in this district. Others say that the word originated from Lakhsmi Devi , the mother of Bhuyan Raja who was the descendent of King Arimatta . As per Lakhimpur District Gazette (1976:4) , the district was notified as Lakhimpur District through a proclamation issued by then Governor General on July, 1839. On 2nd October, 1971 the district was reorganized with two sub divisions viz. Dhemaji and North Lakhimpur . Later it was again reorganized in the year 1989 with two subdivisions viz. Dhakuakhana and North Lakhimpur leaving Dhemaji as a separate district. The district was earlier regarded as “Koliapani” because there was practically no road communication to this district till 1950. In the year 1954, the temporary aerodrome was started. From 1957 the ASTC buses started plying from Lakhimpur and from 1963 the North East Frontier Railway started train services from this district. Location Lakhimpur District is situated on the North East corner of Assam . The district lies between 26048’ and 27053’ northern latitude and 93042’ and 94020’ east longitude (approx.) Boundary It is bounded on the north by Siang and Papumpare District of Arunachal Pradesh and on the east by Dhemaji District and Subansiri river. Majuli Sub Division of Jorhat District stands on the southern side and Gahpur sub division of Sonitpur District is on the West.
Area : The District covers an area of 2277 Sqkm out of which 2257 Sqkm is rural and 20 sqkm is urban.
Sub divisions & Police Stations: The district is divided into two sub divisions viz. North Lakhimpur and Dhakuakhana. North Lakhimpur Sub-division consists of 4 Police stations viz. North Lakhimpur, Boginadi, Laluk and Bihpuria,. Dhakuakhana Sub Division consists of two Police stations viz. Dhakuakhana and Ghilamara.
Forest: Forests of the district are mainly tropical rain forest. The important reserved forests of the district are Ranga Reserve, Kakoi Reserve, Dulung Reserve and Pava Reserve . The varieties of tree species grown in the forest area are Hollock (Terminalia myriocarpa) , Urium (Bichotia jauvanica), Nahar (Mesua ferrea), Ajhar (Lagerstroemia speciosa), Simul (Bombax ceiba/Salmalia malabarica), Sum (Machilus), Sualu , Gomari (Gmelina orborea), Sissoo (Dalbergia sissoo), Jutuli (Altingia excelsa), Silikha (Terminalia chebula), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Sopa (Magnolia) etc.
The River System and Flood :
1. The Brahmaputra :- The mighty river Brahmaputra is the southern boundary of the district and it touches all along the southern and southeastern boundary.
2. The Subansiri : The river Subansiri is originated from Tibet and enters the plains of Lakhimpur and Dhemaji district. The total length of the river is 326 miles up to the international boarder. The catchments area of the river is 10,148 Sqmiles in Arunachal Pradesh and 440 SqMiles in Assam. The river discharges 2,09,546 Cusecs of water at Bhimpara Ghat.
3. The Ranganadi : The river originates from the Dafla hills of Arunachal Pradesh. The total length of the river is 90 miles and total catchments area is 839 Sqmiles in Arunachal Pradesh and 296 Sqmiles in Assam. It discharges 17,500 cusecs of water at 2 miles up stream of National Highway –52.
4. The Dikrong : The Dikrong originates from the Dafla Hills of Arunachal Pradesh. In Arunachal Pradesh, it is known as Par Nadi. It enters the plains near Harmutty Tea Estate and runs 25 miles to join the Brahmaputra at Badati. It discharges 20,000 cusecs of water at 1 mile down stream of National Highway-52. The catchments area of the river is 512 Sqmiles in Arunachal Pradesh and 101 Sqmiles in Assam. The causes of flood in Lakhimpur District are due to excessive rainfalls in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, melting of snow at Tibet and bursting of dams, which are formed by the landslides at the rivers flowing from Arunachal Pradesh. During flood the rivers get charged with enormous quantity of silt and in their movement the rivers alter the conditions of flow and sometimes changes the river course causing untold miseries to the people living in its low-lying basin.